The recent wave of returnees and the growing IDP population have put an enormous pressure on Afghanistan’s inundated service delivery systems, as well as on the social, economic and physical infrastructure of the communities that host these groups. The Eshiteghal Zaiee – Karmondena (EZ-Kar) is a Project that proposes to mitigate the enormous pressure caused by the displacement crises, while also enhancing the opportunities it presents for economic development. Thus EZ-Kar fits within the international context of integrating humanitarian approaches with development. There is a strong emphasis in the project on regulatory reforms at municipal and national levels to support business owners and enhance the ease of doing business, developing market-based infrastructure, and creating short and medium term economic opportunities as well as removing impediments to their re-integration. The Project Development Objective (PDO) is to provide an enabling environment for economic opportunities in cities where there’s a high influx of displaced people. The EZ-Kar project will reach Afghan refugees living in Pakistan and citizens within Afghanistan in 13 cities in Afghanistan namely: Jalalabad (Nangarhar), Kabul City (Kabul Province), Kandahar City (Kandahar Province), Herat City (Herat Province), Puli Khumri (Baghlan), Maimana (Faryab), Ferozkoh/ Chaghcheran (Ghor), Khost Matun (Khost province), Asadabad (Kunar), Kunduz City (Kunduz Province), Mehtarlam (Laghman), Parun (Nuristan) and Taloqan (Takhar). The EZ-Kar is again an inter-ministerial approach to the displacement crises, with multiple implementing agencies (IAs) including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA), the Ministry of Economy (MoEc), the Kabul Municipality (KM), and the Independent Directorate of Local Governance (ILDG).
The MoEC handles Component #5 of the EZ-Kar which includes: (a) national level regulatory reforms and (b) serving as the lead agency for the Program and thus coordinating between the four different implementing agencies for all five components. The MoEC will execute this through a Project Implementation Unit (PIU) embedded within the Ministry’s Directorate of Local Services, under the Deputy Ministry for Technical Affairs.
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